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Bi-Annual Report (April-October 2022)


On 29 June 2022, UN Special Rapporteur Fortuné Gaetan Zongo presented his first oral update to the UN Human Rights Council (Council). In his statement, he noted that despite the progress made since 2020, more needs to be done to combat impunity and strengthen institutions.


On 8 June 2022, the International Federation for human rights and the Ligue djiboutienne des droits humans released a joint report raising concerns over the Djibouti’s governments continued disregard of human rights, and rule of law.


The UN Human Rights Council at its 50th session renewed the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on human rights in Eritrea and called upon the Eritrean government to cooperate with the rapporteur in line with its obligations as a member of the Human Rights Council. 


On 18 June 2022, armed assailants attacked Amharas in the Gimbi district in western Oromia, killing dozens, if not hundreds of them, including many women, children, and elderly people. This forced at least 4,800 people to flee.


In May 2022, the National Integrity Alliance (NIA), a coalition made up of Transparency International Kenya (TI-Kenya), Inuka Kenya Ni Sisi!, Mzalendo Trust, The Institute for Social Accountability (TISA), and Kenya Human Rights Commission (KHRC), launched the RedCard campaign 


On 14 April 2022, the UK and Rwanda signed a Memorandum of Understanding on a system to relocate the UK is not considering, to Rwanda. CSOs and international bodies, including the UNHCR, have criticized the agreement, accusing the UK of neglecting its obligations under the Refugee Convention.


On 15 May 2022, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud was elected by the Federal Parliament of Somalia to succeed the outgoing President- Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, also known as Farmajo.


According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), at least 95 people died in intercommunal conflicts in Kapoeta North County, Eastern Equatoria, in July 2022.The humanitarian situation remains dire, more than 17,500 people were displaced, and 7.7 million people are at risk of food insecurity.


On 28 April 2022, Human Rights Watch documented violations, including mistreating detained protesters by security forces, stripping children of clothing, and threatening sexual assault against women. 


On 20 May 2022, Tanzania’s ruling party Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) and the main opposition camp Chama Cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (Chadema), held talks discussing the revival of the constitutional reform process, which had stagnated in 2014, and restoring constitutional and civil rights that the previous administration had threatened.


On 29 June 2022, Human Rights Watch urged President Museveni to initiate steps to fulfil his commitment to end rights abuses by Uganda’s security forces by prosecuting several high-profile security actors who have been implicated in illegal detention and torture of suspects and the unexplained disappearances of others.