HRC37: Interactive Dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on on the promotion of truth, justice, reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence

Human Rights Council: 37th Session
Item 3: Clustered interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on the promotion of truth, justice, reparation and guarantees of non-recurrence and the Special Advisor on the prevention of genocide

Oral Intervention 

Thank you Mr. Vice-President.

The East and Horn of Africa Human Rights Defenders Project welcomes the study on the contribution of transitional justice to the prevention of gross violations and abuses of human rights and serious violations of international humanitarian law, particularly the prevention of atrocity crimes and their recurrence.

This study speaks to the human rights situation in South Sudan, where the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan recently concluded that the human rights violations committed during the ongoing civil war may amount to war crimes and crimes against humanity.

The conflict, which started in 2013 and was reignited in July 2016, has inflicted untold suffering on the people of South Sudan. Lack of accountability for gross human rights violations remains a major obstacle toward reconciliation, with impunity fuelling the cycle violence and violations. As long as there is no justice, there can be no peace.

A robust transitional justice mechanism is essential in addressing the underlying causes of the conflict, and ultimately in achieving accountability and ensuring the country’s recovery. We urge the Government of South Sudan to reaffirm its commitment to the Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan and acknowledge the importance of transitional justice mechanisms. We also call on the Council, the African Union, and other relevant regional bodies to support South Sudan in this endeavour.

The government must prioritise and fast track the establishment and operationalisation of the Commission for Truth, Reconciliation and Healing, the Hybrid Court, and a Compensation and Reparations Authority to ensure justice for the victims and prevent further atrocities.

I thank you Mr. Vice-President.

 

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Human Rights Defender of the month: Kasale Maleton Mwaana

Kasale’s human rights activism precedes his years. The son of pastoralist parents from Ngorongoro district in northern Tanzania, he grew up seeing his parents and entire community having to defend their land and way of life against authorities who thought their lands could be put to better use. Now, at 25, Kasale is already one of the most recognizable advocates of his people’s cause, much to the ire of Tanzanian authorities.
“Our people’s struggle goes back many generations. It started with the pushing out of our forefathers from Serengeti to gazette Serengeti National Park in 1959, and then further evictions from the Ngorongoro crater to gazette the Ngorongoro conservation area in 1975. Since then, every generation has had to resist further evictions. It’s now my generation’s turn,” he says.

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